Maternal health revolves around the health and wellness of women, particularly when they are pregnant, at the time they give birth, and during child-raising. Pregnancy can provide an opportunity to identify existing health risks in women and to prevent future health problems for women and their children. Nutrition of the mother plays a key role in maternal and child health. The nutritional status of a woman pre-conception and during pregnancy influences the growth and development of the baby.

Factors influencing maternal health

  • Poverty and access to healthcare:
  • Pre natal care
  • Maternal HIV
  • Maternal weight
  • Lack of oral hygiene
  • Stress


Why Maternal health is important?

  • Maternal health is important to reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia morbidity and mortality. Prenatal calcium supplementation with low intakes can reduce this.
  • Antenatal iron-folic acid use may reduce anemia.
  • Multiple micronutrient supplementations during pregnancy to reduce fetal growth restriction and low birth weight.
  • Vitamin A supplements to children 6-59 months of age and zinc for treatment of diarrhea.
  • Reduce preterm births.
  • To decline Maternal Mortality Ratio maternal health is important. There are Maternal and child health services, and are important services for overall development of mother and child.
  • Reduce the rate of fetal and infant deaths related with birth defects.
  • Reduce cesarean births among low-risk women.
  • Reduce low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW)
  • Reduce maternal illness and complications due to pregnancy.

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